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eadweard muybridge
Grandfathers of Cinema

Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904)

Pioneering photographer who was interested in capturing life in motion. His motion studies and method of animating and projecting his photos provided inspiration for the inventors of motion pictures.

Jules Etienne Marey
Grandfathers of Cinema

Etienne Jules Marey (1830-1904)

French naturalist and scientist Marey invented chrono-photography–the ability to take multiple pictures in succession with a single camera. Marey was interested in studying the movement of animals, air and light. Click through for an interesting piece on his work.

Grandfathers of Cinema

Marey’s Fusil Photographique

Marey's Photographic Gun

The “fusil photographique” or “photographic gun” developed by scientist Etienne-Jules Marey, c. 1882. It could shoot 12 frames per second. Thomas Edison found inspiration for the Kinetoscope after seeing Marey’s camera.

Emile Reynaud
Grandfathers of Cinema

Emile Reynaud (1844-1918)

Reynaud invented the precursor to film projection technology, most famously, his Theatre Optique. He was also a talented animator. He did suffer the tragic fate of many creative geniuses–click the link to read more about his life.

Kodak Film circa 1890
Grandfathers of Cinema

The Invention that Made Film Possible

The invention that allowed the idea of moving pictures to advance was flexible film strips–made from celluloid. The next generation of inventors and filmmakers would not have been able to move forward without it. Who exactly invented it has been the subject of debate and lawsuits. Click the link to read more about the people and controversy.