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The Lumiere Brothers
Fathers of Cinema

The Lumière Brothers (1862-1954, 1864-1948)

French inventors and filmmakers who invented the Cinematographe in response to Edison’s Kinetoscope. It helped popularize projection format exhibition devices over the peephole format. The Lumière Brothers became part of a select group of influential filmmakers that helped define the business and art.

Thomas Edison
Fathers of Cinema

Thomas Edison (1847-1931)

Pictured here in 1893, one year before the introduction of the Kinetoscope to the public, Edison was a pivotal American inventor. Called the “Wizard of Menlo Park,” Edison invested his money and talent into developing technology that was, above all, profitable. Motion pictures was one such endeavor.

Fathers of Cinema

W.K.L Dickson (1860-1935)

Pictured above standing at the far left, W.K.L. Dickson ran Edison’s lab in charge of developing motion picture technology. After tiring of Edison’s proprietorial attitude, he defected to the American Mutoscope & Biograph Company, Edison’s greatest competitor in the early film business. American Biograph (as it became known) fought a lengthy patent battle with the Edison Company until joining forces in the Motion Picture Patents Company.

Fathers of Cinema

A Brief History of Film

Need a refresher? Or feel like you are missing some key information? Watch this quick whiteboard animation that summarizes the development of filmmaking technology from Leonardo Da Vinci to the Lumière Brothers.