Early filmmakers had two restrictions that governed how and where films were made. First, early film required a great deal of light for proper exposure, and controlled lighting systems had yet to be invented. So filmmakers looked for ways to maximize sunlight. Rooftop studios, rotating studios with removable roofs, outdoor studios, and glass studios are some of the most common solutions. Click through the images above for famous examples and more information (some of this will be on the exam!).
The last image above shows the second restriction filmmakers struggled with–the size of the cameras. While the Cinematographe was fairly small, many of the early systems had extremely large and bulky cameras, making shooting on location extremely difficult. However, inventors were working on solving this problem–and by 1912, we see the development and standardization of smaller, more portable cameras, such as the Bell & Howell camera.